2 Ralph T. Whitelaw. Virginia’s Eastern Shore. 1984. Vol. I. p. 434. Camden: Picton Press. To see an argument involving John and Grace Walthome, Anne and Roger Williamson, and Anne and Christopher Stephens, see County Court Records of Accomacke-Northampton Virginia 1640-1645. Transcribed by Susie M. Ames. Vol I. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia. p. 85. John Waltham’s name has many variations and throughout the records is referred to as Walthame, Walton, Waltan, Walthome and Walthame. John Watham’s will is dated September 16, 1640 and a transcribed copy can be found in the County Court Records of Accomacke-Northampton Virginia 1640-1645. Grace Waltham was the executrix to John’s will and she receives all of his personal estate, among other things. For more details see p. 48.
3 Vaughan even issued his young stepson 450 acres. He never had any other children with Grace. This land was reissued to John Waltham, Jr., long after Vaughan’s death in 1673 as 700 acres. (Whitelaw, Virginia’s Eastern Shore, Vol I. p. 612). In 1655, Vaughan received land from Thomas Cooke and created a plantation for John Waltham, Jr., leaving the land with sufficient housing and fencing. He gave it to Grace to hold for her son John. See Northampton County Virginia Record Book: Orders, Deeds, Wills &c. 1654-1655. Transcribed by Howard Mackey and Marlene Alma Hinkley Groves. 1999. Vol. 5. Rockport: Picton Press. p. 236.
4 In Stephen Charlton’s will dated October 28, 1654, it shows his wealth and the strong adoration for his sister’s second husband. Ibid. p. 114. *The grammar, punctuation and spelling of quotations included herein have remained unaltered by the author.*
5 Northampton County Virginia Record Book. Vol 5. p. 53, 71. The other court examiners along with Vaughan were Edmund Scarborough and Thomas Johnson. Mary Buckland’s maiden name was Chillcocke and Buckland’s mistress’ name was Mary Russel, with whom Buckland had a “bastard” son. Interesting note: In the original court record the clerk of court, Edmund Mathewes, accidently wrote Vaughan instead of Buckland as the man having committed adultery with Mary Russel. On the day the decision was made to grant divorce, the name was written correctly as Buckland.
6 The Oath of Allegiance was signed on the March 25, 1651. It seemed necessary since it was technically established in the new country without a king or a House of Lords. For a list of names see Cropper Wise Jennings. Ye Kingdome of Accawmacke. 1911. Richmond: Bell Book and Stationary Co. p. 135. An idea of Vaughan’s activity in the church can be seen on p. 278.
7 Vaughan had to pay 400 pounds of tobacco with court charges. Charles Scarburgh and Robert Parker were charged with drunkenness on the same day as Vaughan. Northampton County Virginia Record Book. Vol. 6, 7-8. p. 15.
8 The location of the church is uncertain because Vaughan wrote the will while in Northampton County and actually died in Accomacke (this was before the two counties came together), so it is thought that the parish he had built could be called Old Hungar’s Church. Vaughan’s transcribed will can be found in Northampton County Virginia Record Book. Vol. 5. p. 192-193. Specific reference to the confusion of the church location can be found in Whitelaw’s, Virginia’s Eastern Shore, Vol. 1. p. 408.
9 County Court Records, 1640-1645. Vol. I. p. 143. Field was only given 10 days to pay Vaughan the fabric and pounds of tobacco. It was presented to the court March 8, 1641(1642). Henry was also spelled Henery.
10 See Ibid. p. 85 to see Taylor’s first order of the court (May 17, 1641) and p. 134 to see Taylor’s punishment for not having paid (September 20, 1641).
11 Vaughan seemed very happy to have been appointed to the position of commissioner because he only appears to have missed one day of work. It was October 28, 1655 when he plead his “inability to performe the office and place of a commissioner.” It was therefore “ordered that the sd peticon bee granted Concrninge ye tyme of Capt. Rich: Vaughans sickeness.” Northampton County Virginia Record Book: Orders, Deeds and Wills &c. Vol. 6, 7-8. p. 9.
12 See references to this in Virginia Colonial Abstracts. Compiled by Beverly Fleet. 1988. Vol III. Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Co. p.46.
13 April 28, 1652. This reference can be seen in Northampton County Virginia: Orders, Deeds, and Wills 1651-1654. Transcribed by Frank V. Walczyk. 2000. Book IV. Coram: Peter’s Row. p. 62.
14 Ye Kingdom of Accawmacke. p. 117.
15 Whitelaw, Virginia’s Eastern Shore, Vol II. p. 628-629. Depending on the source it may say that the settlers were going to capture the King of the Pocomokes instead of the Queen. The other leading gentlemen involved in the attack were Mr. Thomas Johnson, Capt. John Dollinge, John Robinson, Toby Norton, Richard Bailey, Ambrose Dixon, Rich Hill and Jenkin Price. The rest are referred to as “divers others inhabitants and free men in the upper parte of the parish in the countie of Northampton.”
16 Ye Kingdom of Accawmacke. p. 117. This shows that it was not only men who attacked Natives with weapons, but that women participated too.
17 Northampton County Virginia Record Book: Orders, Deeds, Wills &c. Vol. 5. p. 109. The court heard the case on November 2, 1654 and the actual disturbance took place on July 28, 1654.
18 Orders, Deeds and Wills 1651-1654. Book IV. p. 84.
19 Ibid. p. 193.
20 Northampton County Virginia Record Book: Orders, Deeds, Wills &c. Vol. 6, 7-8. p. 13, 43.
21 Vaughan witnessed many court cases including: surgery cases ( April 9, 1655) Ibid. p. 64; a petition owing payment to Scarburgh (March 7, 1654) p. 54; Robert Lawson purging at Vaughan’s house (1643) County Court Records. Vol. 3. p. 350-351; house scandal involving adultery between the Gaskins and Nuthall wives and husbands (1651) Northampton County, Virginia: Orders, Deeds and Wills Book IV. p. 34; Anthony West’s refusal to deliver corn and peas to Farmer Jones (1651) p. 54; Vaughan was given the power to “ease and determine” the controversies surrounding Richard Bennett. p.97. These are just a few cases in which he was involved. There are many more details in the above-mentioned sources. Vaughan was also the appraiser for the estate of Ralph Pettymond along with David Fox. References to this can be found in Fleet, Vol. 3. p. 36.
22 His attorney was John Badham. Orders, Deeds and Wills. Book IV. p. 119.
23 Considered a “humble servant” when he along with William Jones, Thomas Hunt and Thomas Sprigg were asked to search Edmund Scarburgh’s ship for gun powder and other arms. Vaughan was a close friend of Scarburgh (one of the most prominent and influential men on the Shore) and did not find anything on the ship worth reporting. For more information on this event, see Orders, Deeds and Wills Book IV. p. 165. One way in which Scarburgh’s and Vaughan’s friendship is reflected is in a land transaction where Scarburgh gives John Walthome 100 acres in July 1652. p. 70.
24 Cavalier’s and Pioneers Vol. I. p. 184, 217.
25 For a list of these transported people and specific land locations and boundary markings, see Nugent’s Cavalier’s and Pioneers Vol. I. p. 183, 184, 217.
26 Ibid. p. 183. Even one of the names, Thomas Jones, is listed as being transported in 1642 by “John Walthome” (which was really Vaughan) when Walthome was only 3 years of age. For specific references, see George Cabell Greer. Early Virginia Immigrants 1623-1666. 1978. Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Co.
27 See Early Virginia Immigrants to see that Vaughan actually transported these names. Information that is in support of Vaughan’s honesty in this matter is that people, such as Ambrose Dixon, do not appear in the records before the supposed date of transport. Dixon also participated in the 1651 raid on the Natives, which took place two years after his arrival.
28 Whitelaw, Virginia’s Eastern Shore, Vol. I. p. 617.
29 Northampton County Virginia Record Book: Orders, Deeds and Wills, Vol 5. p. 212.
30 Ibid. The dates were: January 30, 1655 p. 214; May 8, 1655 p. 256, and Vol. 6, 7-8 on September 28, 1655 and March 29, 1655. These are the detailed court proceedings that Vaughan went through to make sure that Charlton’s wishes for his daughter, Bridgett, were upheld.
31 Ibid. p. 122-123. Grace Vaughan was requesting restitution.
32 Vaughan’s will was recorded July 29, 1656. p. 193 of Northampton County Virginia Record Book: Orders, Deeds and Wills, Vol 5.
33 Ibid. p. 191-192. William Thorne, John Shippwaye and Stephen Horsey made the oath. They were the overseers and testes to the will of Vaughan as can be seen in the original transcribed will p. 193. In Ye Kingdom of Accawmacke, the will of Richard Vaughan is mistakenly said to be Mr. Grace Vaughan’s will. p. 287.
34 Ye Kingdom of Accawmacke p. 287.
35 Transcribed original will in Northampton County Virginia Record Book: Orders, Deeds and Wills, p. 193.
36 Ibid. Vol. 6, 7-8. p. 91. This took place on June 25, 1656. Grace Vaughan went onto marry Colonel Thomas Lambert on February 2, 1657 of Lower Norfolk County. The servants, Galatia and her three daughters-- Temperance, Jane and Sussan were all sold to Lambert. Upon Grace’s death they were assigned to go to John Walthome, and the “Negro” woman, Galatia, never got the freedom Vaughan promised her. Also, the plantation left to Walthome became a part of Lambert’s estate and he was only required to give John Walthome half of it to share with the servants upon Grace’s death. Vol. 7-8. p. 29-30. Lambert revoked all the power Grace had with regard to Vaughan’s estate in a court proceeding on p. 144. He actually relieved all people indebted to Vaughan when the estate became his personal property.
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