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Nabb Research Center General Resources - People & Cultures

* Uniquely Delmarva

Chesapeake dialects

The people of the Chesapeake / Virginia use words which originated in the south and west English Counties of Sussex, Surrey, Hampshire, Dorset, Wiltshire, Somerset, Oxford, Gloucester, Warwick, or Worcester such as:

Word/phrase

Meaning

like

as if Ex: "He looks like he's dead."

bide

stay

shuck

husk

poorly

unwell

craw

throat

cater-cornered

crooked

tarry

stay

tote

carry

passel

pack

call

cause Ex: "no call to do it."

chomp

chew

grit

courage

lick

beat

links

sausage

bimeby

by and by

belly-ache

pain in the stomach

andirons

firedogs

bandanna

handkerchief

botch

blunder

favor

resemble

unbeknownst

unknown

allowed

admitted

peaked

unwell

moonshine

distilled liquor

shock

sheaf of corn

mess of greens

serving of vegetables

laid off

out of work

skillet

frying pan

traipse

walk

right good

very good

get shed of

get rid of

yonder

distant

angry

infected

book-learnin'

schooling

jeans

cloth of a course twill weave

Examples of "Scotch-Irish" speech similar to that found in the southern highland include:

Word/phrase

Meaning

pizen

poison

nekkid

naked

wrassle

wrestle

chaw

chew

widder

widow

young-uns

young ones

swan

swear

hant

ghost

nigh

near

lettin' on

pretend

sparkin

courtin

These words appear in word lists from the English border counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland and northern Ireland which are used in southern highland speech.

Word/phrase

Meaning

man

husband"stand by your man"

honey

a term of endearment expressive of great regard

let on

tell

cute

attractive

fixin

getting ready to do something





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