Delmarva History Online

Resources for Researchers

* Delaware - Secondary Sources
Also see: DE Primary Sources | MD Secondary Sources

What is the difference between a primary and secondary source?
Primary sources are "actual records that have survived from the past, such as letters, photographs, articles of clothing." Secondary sources are "accounts of the past created by people writing about events sometime after they happened." [Library of Congress definition]

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Delmarva Bibliography
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African American

Berlin, Ira. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1998.

Berlin, Ira. "Time Space and the Evolution of Afro-American Society in the British Mainland North America." American Historical Rreview 85 (1980): 44-78.

Curtin, Philip D., ed. Africa Remembered: Narratives by West Africans from the Era of the Slave Trade. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1967.

Dunn, Richard S. “Black Society in the Chesapeake, 1776–1810.” In Slavery and Freedom in the Age of the American Revolution. Ira Berlin and Ronald Hoffman, eds.Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1983.

Essah, Patience. A House Divided: Slavery and Emancipation in Delaware, 1638–1865. Charlottesville, Va.: University Press of Virginia, 1996.

Ferguson, Leland. Uncommon Ground: Archaeology and Early African America, 1650–1800. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992.

Hancock, Harold B. "Mary Ann Shadd: Negro Editor, Educator and Lawyer." Delaware History 15 (1972-73): 187-194.

Hancock, Harold B. “The Status of the Negro in Delaware After the Civil War, 1865-1875.” Delaware History 13 (1968-69).

Kulikoff, Allan. "A Prolific People: Black Population Growth in the Chesapeake Colonies, 1700-1790." Southern Studies 16 (1977): 391-428.

Lee, Jean B. "The Problem of Slave Community in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake." William and Mary Quarterly 43 (1986): 333-361.

Miller, M. Sammy. "The Negro in Delaware." Negro History Bulletin, 36(3) : 66-67, 1973.

Munroe, John A. "The Negro in Delaware." South Atlantic Quarterly, 56: 428-444 (1951).

Williams, William H. Slavery and freedom in Delaware, 1639-1865. Wilmington, DE: SR Books, 1996.


Custer, J.F. Delaware Prehistoric Archaeology: An Ecological Approach. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press, 1984.

Deetz, James. In Small Things Forgotten: The Archaeology of Early American Life. Garden City, New York, NY: Doubleday, 1977.

Weslager, C.A. Delaware’s Buried Past: A Story of Archaeological Adventure. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1973.

Architecture and Historic Preservation

Herman, Bernard. "Architectural Renewal and the Maintenance of Customary Relationships." Western Folklife Quarterly. 1987.

Herman, Bernard. Architecture and Rural Life in Central Delaware, 1700-1900. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 1987.

Herman, Bernard. "Delaware Vernacular: Folk Housing in Three Counties." Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture, Camille Wells, ed. Annapolis, MD: Vernacular Architecture Forum, 1982.

Biography, Letters, Reminiscences

Crawford, Robert F., editor. "The Civil War Letters of S. Rodman and Linton Smith." Delaware History, 21 (Fall-Winter 1984), pp. 86-116.

Hancock, Harold B. "Civil War Diaries of Anna M. Ferris." Delaware History 9 (1960-61): 221-264.

Higgins, Anthony, ed. "Mary Wilson Thompson Memoir." Delaware History 18 (1978-79): 43-62.

Hull, Gloria T., ed. Give Us Each Day: The Diary of Alice Dunbar-Nelson. New York, NY: W.W. Norton, 1984.

Low, Betty Bright and Jacqueline Hinsley. Sophie du Pont: A Young Lady in America, Sketches, Diaries and Letters. New York, NY: Harry N. Abrams, 1987.

McNinch, Marjorie. "Elizabeth Gilpin’s Journal of 1830." Delaware History 20 (1982): 223-255.

Wilson, E. Emerson. "Phoebe George Bradford Diaries." Delaware History 16 (1974): 1-21. Wilson, W. Emerson, ed. A Fort Delaware Journal: The Diary of A Yankee Private A.J. Hamilton, 1862-65. Wilmington, DE: Fort Delaware Society, 1981.

County and Local History

Acrelius, Israel. A History of New Sweden, or, The Settlements on the River Delaware. Philadelphia, PA: Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1874.

Bevan, Wilson Lloyd. History of Delaware, Past and Present. 4 vols. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1929.

Carter, Dick. History of Sussex County. Rehoboth Beach, DE: Community Newspapers, Inc., 1976.

Conrad, Henry Clay. History of the State of Delaware from the Earliest Settlements to the Year 1907. 3 vols. Wilmington, DE: Henry Clay Conrad, 1908.

Ferris, Benjamin. A History of the Original Settlements on the Delaware & A History of Wilmington; With a New Index Compiled by Members of the Delaware Genealogical Society. Wilmington, DE: Delaware Genealogical Society, 1987.

Hancock, Harold B. Delaware Two Hundred Years Ago: 1780-1800. Wilmington, DE: Middle Atlantic Press, 1987.

Hancock, Harold B. A History of Kent County. Dover, DE: Kent County Bicentennial Commission, 1976.

Hancock, Harold B. A History of Sussex County. Georgetown, DE: Sussex County Bicentennial Commission, 1976.

Herman, Bernard. "History on the Move," Coastwatch, 1985. (Sussex County architecture and housing).

Hitchens, Dallas, and Hurley, E. Millis. Milford and the Milford Area after 1776. Wilmington DE: Delaware Genealogical Society, 1985.

Johnson, Amandus. The Swedish Settlements on the Delaware River: Their Story and Relation to the Indians, Dutch, and English, 1638-1664. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1969.

Munroe, John A. History of Delaware. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press, 1993.

Scharf, J Thomas. History of Delaware 1609-1888. 2 vols. Philadelphia, PA: L. J. Richards & Co., 1888.

Tunnell, James M. Jr. Colonial Delaware, A History. 1979.

Tunnell, James M. Jr. "Salt and Iron Industries in Sussex County." Delaware Today. vols. 4, 6.

Vallandigham, Edward Noble. Delaware and the Eastern Shore: Some Aspects of a Peninsula Pleasant and Well Beloved. Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippincott, 1922.

Economic, Business, and Labor

Innes, Stephen, ed. Work and Labor in Early America. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.


Ward, Christopher. Dutch and Swedes on the Delaware, 1609-1664. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1930.

Fields, Dale. "Genealogical Source Material in the Historical Society of Delaware." The Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine 28 (1973): 86-93.

Jordan, Terry G. "Evolution of American Backwoods Pioneer Culture: The Role of the Delaware Finns." Mississippi's Piney Woods, Noel Polk, ed. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 1985.

Wuorinen, John H. The Finns on the Delaware, 1638-1655. New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 1938.

Geography, Agriculture


Literature, Folklore

Maritime, Military

Conner, William H. and Leon deValinger, Jr. Delaware's Role in World War II, 1940-1946. 2 vols. Dover, DE: Public Archives Commission, 1955.

Copeland, Peter, and Eric I. Manders. "Lower, Middle and Upper Regiments New Castle County, Delaware, 1775." Military Collector and Historian 34 (1982): 68-69.

Hancock, Harold B. Delaware during the Civil War. Wilmington, DE: Historical Society of Delaware, 1961.

Madeksza, Joan D. and Mary E. Slattery. A Folk History of the Shipbuilding Traditions of Milford, Delaware

McBarron, H. Charles, Jr. and Alban P. Shaw, III. "Delaware Troops of Horse, Circa 1808-1810." Military Collector and Historian 8 (1956): 102-104.

McBarron, H. Charles, Jr. and James P. Simpson. "Colonel John Haslet's Delaware Regiment 1776." Military Collector and Historian 17 (1965): 49-50.

Risley, Clyde A. and Frederick P. Todd. "Dover Light Infantry Company, Delaware Militia, 1776-1777." Military Collector and Historian 8 (1956),: 44.

Turner, H. B. "Delaware Militia Company, 1803-1807." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 30 (1906): 249-250.

Woolard, Annette. "Camp Life of Delaware Troops in the Union Army." Delaware History 21 (1984): 1-21.

Native Americans

Axtell, James. The Invasion Within: The Contest of Cultures in Colonial North America. New York, NY:New: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Becker, Marshall J. "Boundary between the Lenape and the Munsee: The Forks of Delaware as a Buffer Zone." Man in the Northeast 26 (1983): 1-20.

Becker, Marshall J. "Lenape Population at the Time of Contact." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 133 (1989): 112-122.

Bleeker, Sonia. The Delaware Indians Eastern Fishermen and Farmers. William Morrow & Co Library, 1953.

Custer, J.F. Prehistoric Cultures of the Delmarva Peninsula: An Archaeological Study. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press, 1989.

Heckewelder, John. Narrative of the Mission of the United Brethren Among the Delaware and Mohegan Indians. Reprint of 1820 edition. New York, NY: Arno Press, 1971.

Jennings, Francis. The Invasion of America: Indians, Colonialism, and the Cant of Conquest. New York, NY: Norton, 1976.

Kupperman, Karen O. Settling with the Indians: The Meeting of English and Indian Cultures in America, 1580-1640. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1980.

Merritt, Jane T. At the Crossroads: Indians and Empires on a Mid-Atlantic Frontier, 1700-1763. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

Myers, Albert Cook, ed. William Penn’s Own Account of the Lenni Lenape or Delaware Indians. Wilmington, DE: The Middle Atlantic Press, 1970.

Porter, Frank W., III. Indians in Maryland and Delaware: A Critical Bibliography. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1979.

Porter, Frank W., III. In Pursuit of the Past: an Anthropological and Bibliographic Guide to Maryland and Delaware. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1986.

Ruskin, Thelma. Indians of the Tidewater Country of Maryland, Virginia, Delaware and North Carolina. Lanham, MD: Maryland Historical Press, 1990.

Seabrease, Wilsie G., illustrated by Elizabeth H. Griffin, The Nanticokes and Other Indians of Delmarva. Easton, MD: Easton Publishing Co., 1969.

Speck, Frank G. "Seventeenth Century Virginia Algonquian Population Estimates." Archaeological Society of Virginia, Quarterly Bulletin XXVIII (1975): 150-159.

Trigger, Bruce. "Early Native North American Responses to European Contact: Romantic versus Rationalistic Interpretations." Journal of American History 77 (1991): 1195-1215.

Weslager, Clinton A. The Delaware Indians. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1989.

Weslager, Clinton A. The Delaware Indian Westward Migration. Wallingford, PA: Middle Atlantic Press, 1978.

Weslager, Clinton A. The Nanticoke Indians, Past and Present. Cranbury, NJ: University of Delaware Press, 1983.

Politics, Law, Government

Hancock, Harold B. The Loyalists of Revolutionary Delaware. Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press, 1977.

Martin, Roger A. A History of Delaware Through its Governors, 1776-1984. Wilmington, DE: McClafferty Printing, 1984.


Berkus, Catherine. Strangers and Pilgrims: Female Preaching in America, 1740-1845. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Bonomi, Patricia. Under the Cope of Heaven: Religion. Society. and Politics in Colonial America. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Bridenbaugh, Carl. Mitre and Sceptre: Transatlantic faiths, ideas, personalities, and politics, 1689-1775. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1967.

Bullock, Steven C. Revolutionary Brotherhood: Freemasonry and the Transformation of the American Social Order, 1730-1840. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

Butler, Jon. Awash in a Sea of Faith: Christianizing the American People. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990.

Butterfield, Kevin. "Puritans and Religious Strife in the Early Chesapeake." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography CIX (2001): 5-36.

Carroll, Kenneth L. Joseph Nichols and the Nicholites: a Look at the "New Quakers" of Maryland, Delaware, North and South Carolina. Easton, MD: The Easton Publishing Company, 1962.

Carroll, Kenneth L. "Persecution of the Quakers in Early Maryland." Quaker History LIII (1964): 67-80.

Carroll, Kenneth L. Quakerism on the Eastern Shore. Baltimore, MD: Maryland Historical Society, 1970.

Cook, R.B. The Early and Later Delaware Baptists. Philadelphia, PA, 1880

Cross, Arthur. The Anglican Episcopate and the American Colonies. New York, NY: Longmans, 1902

Earl, Riggins Renal. Dark Symbols, Obscure Signs: God, Self, and Community in the Slave Mind. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 2003.

Edwards, Morgan. "Materials toward a History of the Baptists in the Delaware State," Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 9 (1885): 45-61.

Frey, Sylvia R. and Betty Wood. Come Shouting to Zion: African-American Protestantism in the American South and British Caribbean to 1830. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Gaustad, Edwin S., ed. A Documentary History of Religion in America. With revisions by Mark A. Noll. Grand Rapids, MI: W. B. Eerdmans Pub., 2003.

Gaustad, Edwin S. Faith of Our Fathers: Religion and the New Nation. San Francisco, CA: Harper & Row, 1987.

Gaustad, Edwin S. Liberty of Conscience: Roger Williams in America. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1991.

Gillespie, Joanna Bowen. "1795: Martha Laurens Ramsay's 'Dark Night of the Soul.'" William and Mary Quarterly 48 (1991):68-92.

Greven, Philip J., Jr. The Protestant Temperament: Patterns of Child-rearing, Religious Experience and the Self in Early America. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1977.

Hall, Timothy D. Contested Boundaries: Itinerancy and the Reshaping of the Colonial American Religious World. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1994.

Hallman, E. C. The Garden of Methodism. Wilmington, DE: Peninsula Annual Conference of the Methodist Church, 1947.

Hein, David. and Gardiner H. Shattuck, Jr. The Episcopalians. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2004.

Henry, Stuart. George Whitefield: Wayfaring Saint. New York, NY: Abingdon Press. 1957

Holmes, David L. A Brief History of the Episcopal Church. Valley Forge, PA: Trinity Press International, 1993.

Holmes, David L. The Religion of the Founding Fathers. Charlottesville, VA: Ash Lawn-Highland; Ann Arbor : William L. Clements Library, 2003.

Hutson, James H. Forgotten Features of the Founding: The Recovery of Religious Themes in the Early American Republic. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2003.

Hutson, James H. Religion and the Founding of the American Republic. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1998.

Hutson, James H., ed. Religion and the New Republic: Faith in the Founding of America. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2000.

Levy, Babette. "Early Puritanism in the Southern and Island Colonies," Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, LXX (1960), pp. 69-348.

Longmore, Paul K. "From Supplicants to Constituents." The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, CIII (1995): 407-442.

Mapp, Alf J. The Faiths of Our Fathers: What America's Founders Really Believed. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2003.

Marcus, Jacob Rader. The Colonial American Jew 1492-1776. 3 vols. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1970.

Maxson, Charles. The Great Awakening in the Middle Colonies. Gloucester: University of Chicago Press, 1920.

Mbiti, John S. African Religions and Philosophy. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann Educational Books, 1990.

Mbiti, John S. Introduction to African Religion. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann Educational Books, 1991.

Mouw, Richard J. and Mark A. Noll. Wonderful Words of Life: Hymns in American Protestant History and Theology. Grand Rapids, MI: W.B. Eerdmans, 2004.

Noll, Mark A. A History of Christianity in the United States and Canada. Grand rapids, MI: W. B. Eerdmans, 1992.

Noll, Mark A. The Rise of Evangelicalism: The Age of Edwards, Whitefield, and the Wesleys. Downers Grove, Il: InterVarsity Press, 2003.

Pilmore, Joseph. The Journal of Joseph Pilmore, Methodist Itinerant, for the Years August 1, 1769, to January 2, 1774. Philadelphia, PA: Message Pub. Co., 1969.

Raboteau, Albert J. Slave Religion: "The Invisible Institution" in the Antebellum South. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Rightmyer, Nelson W. The Anglican Church in Delaware. Philadelphia, PA: The Church Historical Society, 1947.

Rowe, Linda. "Freeing Religion." In Cary Carson, ed. Becoming Americans: Our Struggle To Be Both Free and Equal. Williamsburg, VA: The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 2004.

Ruether, Rosemary R. and Rosemary S. Keller, eds. Women and Religion in America. The Colonial and Revolutionary Periods. San Francisco, CA: Harper & Row, 1981.

Schlenther, Boyd. The Life and Writings of Francis Mekemmie. Philadelphia, PA: Presbyterian Historical Society, 1971.

Sobel, Mechal. Trabelin' On: The Slave Journey to an Afro-Baptist Faith. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1988.

Sweet, William. Religion in Colonial America. New York, NY: Charles Scribner's Sons. 1942

Todd, Robert. Methodism of the peninsula, or, Sketches of notable characters and events in the history of Methodism in the Maryland and Delaware peninsula. Philadelphia, PA: Methodist Episcopal Book Rooms, 1886.

Trinterud, L. J. The forming of an American Tradition: A Re-examination of Colonial Presbyterianism. Philadelphia : Westminster Press, 1959.

Williams, William Henry. The Garden of American Methodism: The Delmarva Peninsula, 1769-1820. Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources, Inc., 1984.

Woodson, Carter G. The History of the Negro Church. Washington, D.C.: Associated Publishers, 1992.

Society, Culture, Education

Baumgarten, Linda. What Clothes Reveal: The Language of Clothing in Colonial and Federal America. Williamsburg, VA: Colonial Williamsburg Foundation; 2002.

Behre, H. Edward. "Square Dancing on the Eastern Shore." Southern Folklore Quarterly 9 (1945): 213.

Burnard, Trevor. Creole Gentleman: The Maryland Elite, 1691-1776. London: Routledge, 2002.

Bushman, Richard L. The Refinement of America. Persons, Houses, Cities. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1992.

Calvert, Karin. Children in the House: The Material Culture of Early Childhood, 1600-1900. Boston, MA: Northeastern University Press, 1992.

Carr, Lois Green, Philip Morgan, et. al., Colonial Chesapeake Society. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

Carson, Cary, Ronald Hoffman, and Peter J. Albert, eds. Of Consuming Interests: The Style of Life in the Eighteenth Century. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1994.

Crowley, John E. The Invention of Comfort: Sensibilities and Design in Early Modern Britain and Early America. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Demos, John. Past, Present, and Personal: The Family and the Life Course in American History. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Dunlap, A. R. and Moyne, E. J. "The Finnish Language on the Delaware." American Speech 27 (1952): 81-90.

Garrett, Elisabeth Donaghy. At Home: The American Family, 1750-1870. New York, NY: Harry N. Abrams, 1990.

Gibbs, Patricia, Anne Schone, and George Hassell. "Redefining Family." In Becoming Americans: Our Struggle To Be Both Free and Equal, Cary Carson, ed. Williamsburg, VA: The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 2004.

Graham, Willie. "Chesapeake Colonial Family Kitchens." In The Cook's Room, Alan Davidson, ed. New York: Doubleday, 1991.

Graham, Willie. "Genteel Punches and Drunken Balls: The Creation of a Recognizable Tavern Form in the Early Chesapeake." The Bulletin of the Northumberland County Historical Society 6 (1990).

Greene, Jack P. Pursuits of Happiness: The Social Development of Early Modern British Colonies and the Formation of American Culture. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

Greven, Philip. The Protestant Temperament: Patterns of Child-Rearing, Religious Experience, and the Self in Early America. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1977.

Horn, James. "Adapting to a New World: A Comparative Study of Local Society in England and Maryland, 1650-1700." In Colonial Chesapeake Society, Carr, et. al. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

Kulikoff, Allan. "The Colonial Chesapeake: Seedbed of Antebellum Southern Culture." Journal of Southern History XLV (1979): 12-540.

Kulikoff, Allan. "The Origins of Domestic Patriarchy among White Families." In Tobacco and Slaves: The Development of Southern Cultures in the Chesapeake, 1680-1800, Kulikoff, Allan. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1986.

Menard, Russel. "Death in the Chesapeake: Two Life Tables for Men in Early Colonial Maryland." Maryland Historical Magazine, LXIX (1974): 211-227.

Mintz, Steven and Susan Kellogg. Domestic Revolutions: A Social History of American Family Life. New York, NY: Free Press, 1988.

Pepper, Dorothy W. Folklore of Sussex County. Georgetown, DE: Sussex County Bicentennial Comm., 1976.

Powers, Emma L., and Pamela S. Pettengell. "Buying Respectability." In Becoming Americans: Our Struggle To Be Both Free and Equal, Cary Carson, ed. Williamsburg, VA: The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, 2004.

Shammas, Carole. "Anglo-American Household Government in Comparative Perspective." William and Mary Quarterly 52 (1995): 104-144.

Smith, Barbara Clark. After the Revolution: The Smithsonian History of Everyday Life in the Eighteenth Century. New York, NY: Pantheon Books, 1986.

Smith, Daniel Blake. Inside the Great House: Planter and Family Life in Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake Society. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1980.

Smith, Daniel Blake. "Mortality and Family in the Colonial Chesapeake." Interdisciplinary History VIII (1977): 410-418.

Stump, Brice Neal, Unforgettable Treasures: People, Places, and Culture of the Eastern Shore. Virginia Beach, VA: Donning Co. Publisher, 2000.

Tate, Thad W. and David L. Ammerman, eds. The Chesapeake in the Seventeenth Century: Essays on Anglo-American Society. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979.

Wolf, Stephanie Grauman. As Various as Their Land: The Everyday Lives of Eighteenth Century Americans. New York, NY: Harper Collins, 1993.

Wood, Gordon S. "Patriarchal Dependence" and "Enlightened Paternalism." In The Radicalism of the American Revolution. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991.


Berkus, Catherine. Strangers and Pilgrims: Female Preaching in America, 1740-1845. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Brown, Kathleen M. Good Wives, Nasty Wenches, and Anxious Patriarchs: Gender, Race, and Power in Colonial Virginia. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

Carr, Lois, et. al. "The Planter's Wife: The Experience of White Women in the Seventeenth Century Maryland." William and Mary Quarterly 34 (1977), pp. 542-571.

de Vou, Mary R. "The Woman Suffrage Movement in Delaware." In Delaware: A History of the First State, H. Clay Reed, ed., New York, NY: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1947.

Douglas, Elinor Thompson. "Growing Up at Brookwood." Delaware History 18 (1978): 267-274.

Downs, Dorothy Gardener. 101 Years of Volunteerism. Smyrna, DE: Delaware State Federation of Women’s Clubs Publications, 1990.

Gunderson, Joan R. To Be Useful to the World: Women in Revolutionary America, 1740-1790. New York, NY: Twayne Publishers, 1996.

Hoffecker, Carol E. "Delaware’s Woman Suffrage Campaign." Delaware History 20 (1982): 149-167.

Hoffecker, Carol E. Beneath Thy Guiding Hand: A History of Women at the University of Delaware. Newark, DE: University of Delaware, 1994.

Hoffman, Ronald, and Peter J. Albert, eds. Women in the Age of the American Revolution. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1989.

Hull, Gloria T. "Alice Dunbar-Nelson: Delaware Writer and Woman of Affairs." Delaware History 17 (1976): 87-103.

Jennings, Leland. "The Women of Fort Delaware" History Paper. Newark, DE: University of Delaware, 1996.

Johnson, Clifton H. "Mary Ann Shadd: A Crusader for the Freedom of Man." The Crisis 78(3).

Kierner, Cynthia A. Beyond the Household: Women's Place in the Early South, 1700-1835. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Mabel Vernon: Speaker for Suffrage and Petitioner for Peace. Berkeley, CA: University of California, 1976.

McCurday, Mary Burton. "Glimpse of Boarding School Education for Girls in Newark, Delaware in 1838 and 1839." Delaware History 17 (1976): 147-153.

Meyers, Debra. Common Whores, Vertuous Women, and Loveing Wives: Free Will Christian Women in Colonial Maryland. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2003.

Morgan, Jennifer L. Laboring Women: Reproduction and Gender in New World Slavery. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

Norton, Mary Beth. Founding Mothers and Fathers: Gendered Power and the Forming of American Society. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996.

Robinson, Winifred J. "History of the Women’s College of the University of Delaware, 1914-1938." Delaware Notes, 1947.

Salmon, Marylynn. Women and the Law of Property in Early America. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1986.

"Soldier’s Story: Ruth Dorsman, Army Nurse Corps." Delaware History, 26 (1994): 203-204.

Spruill, Julia C. Women's Life and Work in the Southern Colonies. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1938.

Stanislow, Gail. "Domestic Feminism in Wilmington: The New Century Club, 1889-1917." Delaware History, 22 (1986): 158-185.

Stewart, Hester R. Women in Delaware: a documented profile. Newark, DE: University of Delaware, 1986.

Sturtz, Linda L. Within Her Power: Propertied Women in Colonial America. New York, NY: Routledge, 2002.

Taggart, Robert J. "Etta J. Wilson (1883-1971): A Delaware Reformer." Delaware History 24 (1990): 33-52.

Thompson, Roger. Women in Stuart England and America: A Comparative Study. Boston, MA: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1974.

Vaux, Trina. Guide to Women’s History Resources in the Delaware Valley Area. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1983.

Ward, Mary Sam, ed. Delaware Women Remembered. Wilmington, DE: Modern Press, 1977.

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